Gingivitis is a type of gum disease that is the inflammation of one’s gums, also knows as gingiva. Initially, gingivitis can cause mild symptoms, but if it is left untreated, it can progress to a more severe condition known as periodontitis.
There are two types of gingivitis.
Plaque-Induced Gingivitis. This is when the gums become inflamed as a result of plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth. The plaque and tartar trigger an immune response because of the irritants present.
Non-Plaque Induced Gingivitis. This when the gums become inflamed due to an etiology other than dental plaque and tartar - for example: systemic conditions, bacterial, fungal or viral origin, or, a genetic origin.
Common signs and symptoms of gingivitis are:
Spongy or enlarged in consistency
Smooth or shiny texture
Tender to touch
Bleed when flossing
Halitosis, also known as bad breath
Risk factors of developing gingivitis are:
Poor home care
Suppressed immune system
If gingivitis is diagnosed early and treated promptly, one may be able to treat it at home with diligent home care. However, if the signs and symptoms do not resolve in a timely manner, professional help is likely indicated with a dental hygienist or dentist.
Preventative measures include:
Brushing two times per day with a soft bristle electric toothbrush
Attending regular dental hygiene appointments Having healthy diet
Here at Glenmore Dental, our team is dedicated to maintaining optimal patient oral health. Don’t hesitate to call us to meet your oral health needs!